fishing industry facts

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Member States codes used in this publication, Regional Fisheries Management Organisations, Sustainable fisheries partnership agreements and northern agreements, Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, EU Market Observatory for Fisheries and Aquaculture products, European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF) (2014-2020). The fishing industry involves a multitude of activities on a day-to-day basis. Nevertheless, the capacity of several fleet segments in the Member States is still not in balance with their fishing opportunities. The number of EU vessels in 2019 was 81 253, i.e. They allow EU vessels to fish in a partner country’s exclusive economic zone. The recreational fishing industry consists of enterprises such as the manufacture and retailing of fishing tackle and apparel, the payment of license fees to regulatory authorities, fishing books and magazines, the design and building of recreational fishing boats, and the provision of accommodation, fishing boats for charter, and guided fishing adventures. Large marine life can be trapped and die. Fish processing is the processing of fish delivered by commercial fisheries and fish farms. NB: NB: Not relevant for LU. The EU accounts for around 6% of total fisheries production worldwide, which is similar to previous years. This is particularly true for the average person living in the EU, who consumes 24.4 kg of fish or seafood per year (4 kg more than in the rest of the world). The Great Barrier Reef’s fishing and tourism for example, contribute to more than 1.5 billion dollars every year to the Australian economy. The most-fished species are Atlantic herring, Atlantic mackerel, sand eel and European sprat, which together account for almost 40% of EU catches. In the same year, the "apparent consumption", obtained by subtracting exports from this figure, was 12.45 million tonnes. In the early 21st century about 250 million people were directly employed by the commercial fishing industry, and an estimated one billion people depended on fish as their primary source of animal protein. Five European Structural and Investment Funds[*] support the economic development of the EU until 2020. The UK’s trade gap in 2019 for sea fish is 270 thousand tonnes. 80% of this production comes from fisheries and 20% from aquaculture. Since the 16th century, fishing vessels have been able to cross oceans in pursuit of fish, and since the 19th century it has been possible to use larger vessels and in some cases process the fish on board. EU trade (i.e. Data by main species is not available for AT.Sources: Eurostat for marine fishing and FAO for inland water catches. Self-sufficiency can be expressed as the ratio between own production (catches plus aquaculture) and total apparent consumption. Source: EU fleet register. Household expenditure for purchasing fish and seafood (2018)(million EUR). people living in the EU consumed roughly twice as much as they produced. On behalf of the Board of Directors, welcome to the American Fly Fishing Trade Association, the sole trade organization for the fly fishing industry. This report provides landings totals for U.S. recreational and commercial fisheries by species; it also has data on the U.S. fishery processing industry, imports and exports of fishery-related products, and domestic supply and per capita consumption of fishery products. Under EU law the total capacity of the fishing fleet needs to remain below set ceilings. One of them, the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF), is specifically tailored to Europe's seas and coasts. Aquaculture is the cultivation of aquatic organisms. The processing industry consists of approximately 3 500 companies. Overall, the EU fleet was profitable in 2019. In order to monitor fisheries-related activities and identify trends over time, Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) collects and compiles statistics related to aquaculture, commercial fisheries, recreational fishing and trade (imports/exports). NB: In CZ, CY, LU, HU, MT, AT, SI, SK and FI there were no producer organisations.Source: Member States; data retrieved on 31 December 2019. Fish are normally caught in the wild. In addition to the seven existing advisory councils (Baltic Sea, Long Distance Fleet, Mediterranean Sea, North Sea, North-Western Waters, Pelagic Stocks, South-Western Waters), the latest CFP reform established four new advisory councils for the Black Sea, Aquaculture, Markets and Outermost Regions. The diversity of sport fishes, habitats, great weather, year-round fishing and superb tourism and fishing industry-related infrastructure are unsurpassed. This is reinforced by a system for sharing intelligence, the annual publication of the EU IUU vessel list and CATCH, an IT system designed to support checks by Member States under the catch certification scheme. It is defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization as including recreational, subsistence and commercial fishing, and the harvesting, processing, and marketing sectors. As they pursue an aim of general interest for the EU, advisory councils receive financial assistance from the Commission to cover part of their operational costs. Techniques for catching fish include hand gathering, spearing, netting, angling and trapping. The fishing industry has turned to using more gear made of plastic. Start Your Free Trial. Fishing is a full-time profession. In the industry the term seafood products is often used instead of fish products. The burden of payment is shared between the EU and the industry. Managing fleet capacity is an essential part of ensuring … Consumption, however, varies greatly across the EU: from 4.8 kg per person per year in Hungary to 56.9 kg in Portugal. The fishing industry involves catching, preparing and selling fish for consumer use. Spain, Denmark, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom are the leading exporting Member States. Unlike fishing, aquaculture, also known as aquafarming, is the cultivation of aquatic populations under controlled conditions. Situation as in December 2019. Trade of fisheries and aquaculture products between EU Member States and non-EU countries (2018)(volume in tonnes and value in thousand EUR), Extra- and intra-EU trade (2018)(value in billion EUR), Trade of fisheries and aquaculture products between EU Member States and non-EU countries – main suppliers (2018)(value in thousand EUR and percentage of total), Value of EU-28 imports from the main suppliers, Trade of fisheries and aquaculture products between EU Member States and non-EU countries – main customers (2018)(value in thousand EUR and percentage of total), Trade of fisheries and aquaculture products between EU Member States and non-EU countries (2018)(value in thousand EUR and percentage of total), Imports and exports of fisheries and aquaculture products - extra-EU trade (2018)(volume in tonnes and value in thousand EUR), Imports of fisheries and aquaculture products – extra-EU trade (2018)(value in thousand EUR), Exports of fisheries and aquaculture products - extra-EU trade (2018)(value in thousand EUR). LV catches of pelagic species have been integrated using FAO data. Commercial fishing is the fifth largest food production industry in Australia and is generating more than $2 billion dollars to the economy each year. Of total world aquaculture production, EU occupies a share of 1.23% in terms of volume and 2.29% in terms of value. The fishing industry employs tens of thousands of individuals producing billions of pounds of seafood for the US and the world. Consumption of fisheries and aquaculture products in the major world economies (2017)(quantity in live weight (kg/inhabitant/year)), Main species consumed in the European Union (2017)(quantity in live weight (kg/inhabitant/year)). It also includes an annual exchange of fishing possibilities, guaranteeing the continuation of traditional fishing patterns. Directly or in… Those countries accounted for more than half of the world's production; China alone accounted for a third of the world's production. Norwegian Seafood and Fish Industry Statistics . All EU fishing vessels are governed by a legal framework and a control system that apply anywhere they fish through the regulations on fisheries control, sustainable management of external fishing fleets and IUU. Particular kinds of aquaculture include algaculture (the production of kelp/seaweed and other algae); fish farming; shrimp farming, shellfish farming, and the growing of cultured pearls. Managing fleet capacity is an essential part of ensuring sustainable fishing, one of the main objectives of the common fisheries policy. Regional fisheries management organisations (RFMOs) are international bodies formed by non-EU countries and international organisations (i.e. Fishing is a prehistoric practice dating back at least 40,000 years. [*] The European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), the European Social Fund (ESF), the Cohesion Fund (CF), the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF). The fishing industry is a key issue in the debate over Brexit. The 15 species caught by the European Union (2017)(volume in tonnes live weight and percentage of total), Sources: Eurostat for marine fishing and FAO for inland water catches. In 2015, the EU's self-sufficiency rate stood at 43%, i.e. In this context, since 2010 the EU has entered into dialogue with over 60 non-EU countries. (*) Eurostat data. Licensed anglers generated about $48 billion in retail sales annually. A transparent, coherent and mutually beneficial tool that enhances fisheries governance for sustainable exploitation, fish supply and the development of the fisheries sector with partner countries. In 2019, there were 215 producer organisations across 19 Member States. Under the IUU regulation, the EU can enter into a structured process of dialogue and cooperation with those non-EU countries that have problems meeting international IUU rules, with the aim of helping them undertake the necessary reforms (see the illustration). The world's fishing industry spends $124 billion every year to produce $70 billion worth of fish - the difference ($54 billion) is paid for in subsidies. The fishing industry includes any industry or activity concerned with taking, culturing, processing, preserving, storing, transporting, marketing or selling fish or fish products. NB: Aquaculture figures include marine, shellfish and freshwater. Situation as at December 2019. Its EUR 6.4 billion budget - 5.7 billion of which is managed by the Member States - focuses on underpinning the CFP and making fisheries and aquaculture more sustainable and profitable. RFMOs are open both to the coastal states of a region and to countries that fish or have other fisheries-related interests in that region. Over the past several years the capacity of the EU fishing fleet has continued to decline in terms of both tonnage and engine power. Isinglass is used for the clarification of wine and beer. Fishermen and fish farmers may join forces through producer organisations to make their production sustainable and to market their products efficiently. Australian Fishing Zone is the third largest fishing zone in the world, with about nine million square kilometers. Fish species raised by fish farms include carp, salmon, tilapia, catfish and cod. The flesh of many fish are primarily valued as a source of food; there are many edible species of fish. The agreements with the Faroes and Iceland are based solely on the annual exchange of fishing possibilities in each other’s waters, although no exchange of quotas has taken place with Iceland since the 2008 fishing season. It does not usually cover the concept of fishing for sport, and might be used when talking about the pressures between large scale modern commercial fishing practises and traditional methods, or when aid programs are targeted specifically at fishing at or near s… A large number of methods are used to catch fish, ranging from trawling, angling, netting, spea… If fishing was a corporation in the United States, it would be listed in the Fortune 500 because of its economic impact. Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF), Monitoring the Performance of the Common Fisheries Policy (STECF-Adhoc-19-01), Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2019, ISBN 978-92-76-02913-7, doi:10.2760/22641, JRC116446. The UK is a net importer of fish, with imports exceeding exports. Includes data from the Aleutians East Borough, Aleutians West Census Area, and harvesting data from the Chignik and surrounding area. This industry starts with the fishermen out at sea on commercial fishing boats, but would also include the landlocked countries that grow their own fish cultures for a means of harvesting. Spain, Denmark, Sweden and the Netherlands are the leading importing Member States. NB: Not relevant for LU.Sources: Eurostat for marine fishing and FAO for inland water catches. Quality fisheries throughout Florida comprise more than 7,700 lakes, 10,550 miles of rivers and 2,276 miles of tidal shoreline. According to the FAO definition it includes recreational, subsistence and commercial fishing, and the harvesting, processing, and marketing sectors. The act of fishing can be divided into two categories: Sports fishing … imports and exports) has increased over the past few years, reaching EUR 32.3 billion in 2018. Sea horses, star fish, sea urchins and sea cucumber are used in traditional Chinese medicine. Fishing fleet. The first three are already operational, and the last is in the process of becoming fully operational. Mariculture refers to aquaculture practiced in marine environments. Thanks to this cooperation, more than 50 non‑EU countries have improved their systems and have committed to join the EU in fighting IUU fishing. Trade between Member States is very significant, totalling EUR 27.26 billion in 2018. Another natural subdivision is into primary processing involved in the filleting and freezing of fresh fish for onward distribution to fresh fish retail and catering outlets, and the secondary processing that produces chilled, frozen and canned products for the retail and catering trades. the EU) with fishing interests in the same region or in the same (group of) species. At the EU level, expenditure for meat products and for fruits and vegetables both represent 23% of total food expenditure. They are all centred on resource conservation and environmental sustainability, with EU vessels subject to strict supervision and transparency rules. Fisheries of the United States compiles key statistics into a snapshot of fishing’s importance to the nation. The larger fish processing companies have their own fishing fleets and independent fisheries. The main importers are France, Italy, Germany and Spain. In the North-East Atlantic and adjacent waters (North Sea, English Channel, Baltic Sea, Skagerrak, Kattegat, west of Scotland, west of Ireland, Irish Sea, Celtic Sea, Bay of Biscay, Iberian Atlantic waters), EU fisheries ministers set overall catch limits based on scientific advice. In addition, EU vessel operators pay a licence fee for access. The products of the industry are usually sold wholesale to grocery chains or to intermediaries. Within these bodies, non-EU countries and the EU collectively set forth science-based binding measures such as catch and fishing-effort limits, technical measures and control obligations to ensure conservation, along with ensuring the fair and sustainable management of shared marine resources. – October 2020: Release of FAO Yearbook of fishery and aquaculture statistics 2018. Mediterranean mussels make up around a quarter of the total volume farmed in the EU, while Atlantic salmon and rainbow trout together represent just under a third of the total value. (*) Eurostat data as Member States did not submit data for the data call.Sources:For fisheries: Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF), The 2019 Annual Economic Report on the EU Fishing Fleet (STECF-19-06), Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2019, ISBN 978-92-79-79390-5, doi:10.2760/56158), JRC112940.For aquaculture: Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF), Economic Report of the EU Aquaculture Sector (STECF-18-19), Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2018, ISBN 978-92-79-79402-5, doi:10.2760/45076, JRC114801.For processing: Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF), The EU Fish Processing Sector – Economic report (STECF-19-15), Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2019, ISBN 978-92-76-14666-7, doi:10.2760/30373, JRC119498. LV catches of pelagic species have been integrated using FAO data, Total catches of world’s main producers (2017)(volume in 1000 tonnes live weight and percentage of total), Total catches per Member State (2017)(volume in tonnes live weight and percentage of total). According to recent figures from Statistics Norway, Norway’s fishing industry delivered over 2.3 million tonnes of seafood in 2015, including fish, crustaceans, molluscs, and other seafood products.The landed value of the catch totaled NOK 16.9 billion or USD $2.2 billion. The commercial activity is aimed at the delivery of fish and other seafood products for human consumption or as input factors in other industrial processes. The EU is the leading trader of fisheries and aquaculture products in the world in terms of value. It is based mainly on data compiled by Eurostat, the European Union Statistics Office, but also on figures collected by the European Commission and the FAO. The economic impact of bass fishing in the United States, including economic output and indirect contributions, is more than $115 billion each year. NB: Not relevant for LU.Source: Member States' operational programmes. It is estimated that the value of illegally caught fish amounts to around EUR 10 billion each year, corresponding to almost 20 % of the value of the world’s catches. Aspects of fish processing occur on fishing vessels, fish processing vessels, and at fish processing plants. NB: Not relevant for LU.Sources: Eurostat and Eumofa. Supply balance (2017)(volume in million tonnes live weight equivalent). The Member States concerned must adopt action plans to remedy this situation. Top 10 species in aquaculture in the European Union (2017)(value in thousand EUR and percentage of total), Top 10 species in aquaculture in the European Union (2017) (volume in tonnes live weight and percentage of total), Main species in aquaculture per Member State (2017)(value in thousand EUR and percentage of total, volume in tonnes live weight and percentage of total). Fishermen catch fish mainly from rivers, ponds, canals, backwaters, and oceans. EU regulation on illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing, Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF), The 2019 Annual Economic Report on the EU Fishing Fleet (STECF-19-06), Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2019, ISBN 978-92-79-79390-5, doi:10.2760/56158), JRC112940, Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF), Economic Report of the EU Aquaculture Sector (STECF-18-19), Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2018, ISBN 978-92-79-79402-5, doi:10.2760/45076, JRC114801, Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF), The EU Fish Processing Sector – Economic report (STECF-19-15), Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2019, ISBN 978-92-76-14666-7, doi:10.2760/30373, JRC119498, Consultation – your view on promoting EU algae production, Euronews OCEAN Season 2 episode 11 – sustainable aquaculture. 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