how should you treat a muscle strain?

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Muscle strain treatment depends upon an accurate diagnosis from your health professional. Rest – stop any exercise or activities and try not to put any weight on the injury. The severity of your muscle strain, and what function or loads your injured muscle will need to cope with, will impact the length of your healing and rehabilitation process.The first-line treatment for a muscular strain in the acute phase include five steps commonly known as P.R.I.C.E. As soon as you feel the pain of a strained muscle, stop doing the activity that caused it and rest. Discover symptoms, risk factors, tips to prevent contracting and transmitting it, and…, Dark knuckles can be caused by different skin conditions, medical conditions, genetics, and more. Once you start using the muscle again, apply a heating pad to the afflicted area for about 20 minutes after exercise. Ancillary caregivers who can be involved in caring for muscle strain injuries include physical therapists, massage therapists, and chiropractors. How … It’s the last muscle to absorb the shock.” It’s the last muscle to absorb the shock.” If a trainer has had the opportunity to work with a client who is an avid runner, he may have observed how the client runs on the ball of his feet, or the forefoot. Protect by applying an elastic bandage, sling, or splint. And so, although most muscle pain is relatively simple to diagnose and self-treat, an incredible number of people seek treatment for muscle strains that have been misdiagnosed as something else … or they have “something else” that’s been misdiagnosed as a muscle strain. Muscle strains and lumbar sprains are the most common causes of low back pain. Sub-Acute Soft Tissue Injury Treatment; Acupuncture and Dry Needling; Soft Tissue Massage; Kinesiology Tape; Supportive Taping & Strapping; Electrotherapy & Local Modalities; Heat Packs; Medications? Causes. A muscle strain, or pulled muscle, occurs when your muscle is overstretched or torn. Rest the muscle for at least a day. If you have a physically demanding occupation, regular conditioning can help prevent injuries. Common Aches, Pains, and Soft Tissue Injuries. Put the injured ankle, knee, elbow, or wrist up on a pillow. Anti-inflammatory medicines or acetaminophen (Tylenol) also help reduce pain and swelling. This can help strained muscles and other injuries. Sprains. Activities that can increase the risk of muscle strain include athletic activity in sports, with sudden acceleration or deceleration, throwing, quick and/or heavy lifting, sudden coughing, or injury of muscle while performing irregular work tasks. The muscles that are going to allow you to brake are your gastrocnemius and your soleus, in that order. Accessed April 27, 2018. People can often treat muscle strains at home and use specific exercises to speed up their recovery. All rights reserved. Most people who participate in sports have experienced it at some point in their lives. You should only start using heat to treat the muscle strain in your calf once the swelling has stopped. Regular stretching and strengthening exercises for your sport, fitness or work activity, as part of an overall physical conditioning program, can help to minimize your risk of muscle strains. For some injuries, such as a torn tendon, surgery may be considered. 5. First aid for muscle strains Most muscle strains can be successfully treated at home. Use a barrier such as a towel between an ice pack and your skin. Heat the injured area. How to Treat a Pulled Muscle 1. A single copy of these materials may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only. Most muscle strain injuries will heal with simple treatment steps, but performing the right steps, at the right time, can be critical to ensuring the fastest possible recovery. Many people want to apply heat to muscle strains, but this should not be done in the first 24 hours. Finally, do your best to elevate the area to reduce any … After you pull a muscle, immediately turn to the R.I.C.E method of recovery: rest, ice, compress and elevate. Consider asking for help or taking the day off to rest the muscle and allow the body to heal and return to its natural, unstrained state. This is done by treating areas of shoulder strain or muscle damage through specific therapy techniques, restoring muscles to their normal length by stretching and using the exercises for shoulder pain, and preventing factors that can cause these problems to continue. Let’s read a few more home remedies: Rest Give rest to your body and avoid exerting stress on your muscles for a while, especially when you feel an increased pain during exercises. Ice – apply an ice pack (or a bag of frozen vegetables wrapped in a tea towel) to the injury for up to 20 minutes every 2 to 3 hours. 2. Elevate the injured region if swollen. Never push yourself too hard, too soon. The location and intensity of your pain can help determine the extent and nature of the damage. Rest and give it some time. Avoid using heat, which won't reduce inflammation caused by a pulled muscle. Muscle strains are commonly treated by primary-care providers, including family medicine doctors, internists, and general practitioners. As the muscle heals and range of motion increases, it is safe to begin using the muscle again. … Last medically reviewed on December 8, 2015, Strains and sprains are injuries to the soft tissues of the body. Typically, strains occur near a muscle’s tendons, the thick bands of tissue that connect muscle to bone. Muscle strain treatment will vary depending upon an accurate diagnosis from your health professional. If your muscle has completely torn, it's important to get immediate medical help. These can include: With proper treatment, all of these devices are temporary. Increase the intensity of your training program gradually. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. The severity of your muscle strain, and what function or loads your injured muscle will need to cope with, will impact the length of your healing and rehabilitation process. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. A strain happens when you twist or pull a muscle or tendon. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier Saunders; 2012. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Try gently massaging your own neck with your hands or a massage tool, or visit a massage therapist for a professional neck massage. According to the Mayo Clinic, minor muscle strains can be … Sprains, strains and other soft-tissue injuries. Like all strains, forearm strains are graded from 1 to 3. 9th ed. How to Treat Your Dog’s Sprain or Strain; How to Treat Your Dog’s Sprain or Strain. Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. What Causes Dark Knuckles and How Can You Treat Them? Always follow dosage instructions on all prescription or over-the-counter medications. Walls RM, et al., eds. Accessed April 27, 2018. Unable to contract the muscle, as the muscle has ruptured completely. 4. 3. Your doctor may suggest that you immobilize the area with a brace or splint. Obesity can stress muscles, especially in your legs and back. According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), the most common and effective treatment for muscle strains is the RICE method. If you suspect a shoulder strain, take action immediately. We’ll show you ways to loosen up tight hamstrings, plus provide tips for preventing hamstring tightness and improving flexibility. Ice immediately, and continue to ice for 10 to 15 minutes every hour, for 2-3 days. Use the correct technique when you lift heavy loads. Regaining proper function is essential to healing a shoulder strain. A common way to treat an injury like a muscle strain is to compress it. This is often a very painful experience. As with other treatments for muscle strains, it is important to use compression in moderation, as applying excessive pressure on an injured area can do more harm than good because it … Treatment for muscle strain There are a lot of ways to treat muscle strain. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. It is never shameful to protect an injured or strained muscle. Managing the pain from a muscle strain requires rest, specific medical treatment and rehab exercises. Even if you're seeking medical help, ice the area immediately. What types of home treatments have you tried? Muscle Strain Treatment Self-Care at Home The amount of swelling or local bleeding into the muscle (from torn blood vessels) can best be managed … Muscle strain occurs when a muscle becomes overstretched or works too hard. Stretching and strengthening are useful in the treatment and prevention of muscle strain injuries. As the pain decreases, you can use heat on the muscle. 6. Most muscle strains don’t require professional medical treatment. Instead, during waking hours, try to ice the strain for 15-20 minutes once an hour. If you suspect a shoulder strain, take action immediately. These can include: The last thing you want to do is reinjure a strained muscle. Any use of this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. For immediate self-care of a muscle strain, try the R.I.C.E. However, for the muscle strain treatment to work, you have to apply it as soon as possible after the injury. While you may initially consult your family physician, he or she may refer you to a doctor who specializes in sports medicine or orthopedic surgery. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. To heal a muscle strain, use a tensor bandage to compress it lightly. 14 . Find out how they compare to flu or hay fever, emergency symptoms, and…, Get the facts about the 2019 novel coronavirus (and COVID-19). A sprain is a torn ligament and a strain is torn tendon, but the results of both injuries are the same — swelling and inflammation in the area of damage. Find out whether it’ll be covered, when it might be available, whether COVID-19 tests are covered…, Learn COVID-19 and coronavirus symptoms like fever and shortness of breath. It is a contraction-induced injury in which muscle fibers tear due to extensive mechanical stress. If you have a muscle tear that requires surgery, medication or physical therapy may be necessary after your procedure. Quad strains can also occur in the tendons themselves. For immediate self-care of a muscle strain, try the R.I.C.E. approach — rest, ice, compression, elevation: 1. Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit organization. After you pull a muscle, immediately turn to the R.I.C.E method of recovery: rest, ice, compress and elevate. You may need the following supplies: Depending on the muscle affected, you may need assistive devices to help stabilize the muscle, especially if it affects one of the limbs. Use an ice pack or slush bath of ice and water for 15 to 20 minutes each time and repeat every two to three hours while you're awake for the first few days after the injury. Finally, do your best to elevate the area to reduce any … Muscle weakness; When to see the doctor. Grade 2 involves more severe pain and loss of strength. Stretching and light exercises to bring blood to the injured area can also be useful. This prevents swelling and inflammation, which delay healing. You can treat most muscle strains yourself at home and don’t need to see your GP. To treat a muscle strain, the RICE method (rest, ice, compression, elevation) is generally preferred when access to an athletic trainer or physician is not available. Avoid activities that cause pain, swelling or discomfort. A sudden or acute strain is caused by: A recent injury. The sooner you can get the pulled muscle above your heart, apply compression, and ice it, the better, Hamilton says. A strain to the muscle or muscle tendon is the equivalent of a sprain to ligaments. The individual letters of RICE stand for rest, ice, compression, and elevation. But if you don’t know how to treat muscle knots, these lumps can lead to some not-so-fun issues down the line. Because of that, you can strain a muscle or tendon with overuse over time or abruptly with a forceful movement. Maintain a healthy body weight. Most muscle strains happen for one of two reasons: either the muscle has been stretched beyond its limits or it has been forced to contract too strongly. As an alternative, run a warm bath and add Epsom salt, which contains lots of muscle-relaxing magnesium. There are several ways you can prevent a muscle strain from recurring, including: Talk to your doctor about what steps you can take to avoid muscle strains if you experience them regularly. Elevate the injury above your heart to reduce swelling. Surgery to repair a torn muscle carries certain risks. Learn more about the causes, treatments, and natural…. How do you treat a muscle strain? Ice. As with many injuries, there is a balance between doing too much, or too little, early after the injury. By M. Christine Zink . A full pack of ice cubes or maybe heat could decrease the pain and likely give lot of relief to the patient. 2. Treatment. It’s the last muscle to absorb the shock.” It’s the last muscle to absorb the shock.” If a trainer has had the opportunity to work with a client who is an avid runner, he may have observed how the client runs on the ball of his feet, or the forefoot. © 1998-2020 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). If you had a partial tear or strain, once the muscle is healed you can usually return to normal activities as long as you take it easy on the weakened gluteal area at first. A bag of frozen peas or another vegetable also works well as an ice pack. Of course, the nerves in that area are affected too, and because of that, the sensation of the pain is present. The muscle strain is a type of an injury that is actually a pull and which affects the muscle, so as the connected tendons. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2018. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Never push yourself too hard, too soon. 2. The … During exertion, you might notice a … Allow your skin to warm up in between icing intervals. Can Testosterone Supplements Improve Your Sex Drive? Wrap it in a thin towel, to protect your skin from getting damaged by direct ice. Mild strains can be treated at home. A lumbar sprain occurs when the ligaments, the tough bands of tissue that hold bones together, are torn from their attachments. Compression – wrap a bandage around the injury to support it. Grade 3 is a muscle-tendon rupture and requires surgery. In particular, RICE involves the following: Anti-inflammatory pain relievers such as ibuprofen (Advil) or aspirin can help reduce swelling and pain. Aggressive chiropractic manipulation should be avoided at the onset of treatment. Signs and Symptoms of the New Coronavirus and COVID-19, Everything You Should Know About the 2019 Coronavirus and COVID-19. Foam Roller; Stretching Exercises; Strength Exercises; Closed Kinetic Chain Exercises Elevate the injured leg. Ice. Most muscle strains happen for one of two reasons: either the muscle has been stretched beyond its limits or it has been forced to contract too strongly. Have you ever injured this part of your body before? We review Sunsoil CBD, including its reputation and certified organic products. The earlier the treatment, the better the outcome. This can be minor and like soreness after an intense workout, or it can be so severe that it needs surgical repair. 1. You don’t need to use ice here, especially if you’re trying to apply it to an awkward place. This is the feeling of the muscle tissue being stretched until it snaps. Ultrasound often can help distinguish among several different types of soft tissue injuries. If your muscle has completely torn, it's important to get immediate medical help. Warm up before participating in sports and activities. This will reduce swelling from the strain and provide support for the weakened muscle. Answer: Rest the strained muscle and apply ice for the first few days after the injury. Rest the muscle for at least a day. After icing, compress the area using an ace bandage or another kind of wrap to prevent swelling. Home treatment … Use pillows or other devices to raise an affected limb while you rest. Regaining proper function is essential to healing a shoulder strain. It can be especially painful during exercise and athletic activities. Accessed April 27, 2018. Acute strains can be caused by one event, such as using poor body mechanics to lift something heavy. How to Treat and Prevent Tight Hamstrings, hamstring muscle, which is located in the back of the thigh, gives your body a chance to rest and heal properly, compression bandage, such as an ACE bandage. Wrapping an elastic bandage around the affected muscle is best. In: Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. The severity of your muscle strain, and what function or loads your injured muscle will need to cope with, will impact the length of your healing and rehabilitation process. Ice your muscle by using cold packs with a barrier between them and your skin four to eight times per day for 20 minutes at a time. In addition, you can take a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin and other brand names) or aspirin, to ease pain and relieve swelling. Before we jump into treatment, it’s important to understand the symptoms and causes of many typical sports injuries. Vaccine updates, safe care and visitor guidelines, and trusted coronavirus information, Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Mayo Clinic School of Continuous Professional Development, Mayo Clinic School of Graduate Medical Education, FREE book offer – Mayo Clinic Health Letter. Sprains and strains. If the muscle feels as though it may be strained, swollen, bruised, or painful, it is wise to rest it until symptoms subside. Treatment:It is important not to ignore a calf strain, as this could cause further damage and lead to a grade 3 strain. If you have a quad strain, you’ll likely feel it near your hip or knee. In: Instructions for Sports Medicine Patients. Without proper treatment, you may experience recurring injuries or pain and weakness in the muscle during everyday use. People can often treat muscle strains at home and use specific exercises to speed up their recovery. Schedule regular breaks into your day so you can relax and loosen your muscles. Increase the intensity of your training program gradually. Take a break from the exercise, movement or activity that caused your muscle strain, then ice the area for 10-minute intervals as often as necessary. Ice immediately, and continue to ice for 10 to 15 minutes every hour, for 2-3 days. How to use: First of all, you have to make an ice pack to reduce swelling in a muscle strain. If you have a Grade I or Grade II strain, your doctor will probably recommend that you … Before we jump into treatment, it’s important to understand the symptoms and causes of many typical sports injuries. Medical treatment is similar to the treatmen… 3. Zap the herbal bag in your microwave for 1-2 minutes, then apply it to your sore muscle (s) for 15-20 minutes, 3-5x daily, until the pain and tension fades away. Consider using bags of frozen corn or peas, which you can bend to the muscle requiring ice. In this post, we will explain the proper at-home care for many frequently asked sports injury questions, such as how to treat a sprained ankle and whether you should use heat or ice for muscle strain. During the physical exam, your doctor will check for swelling and points of tenderness. Rest by taking an adequate amount of time to heal and avoiding physical activity. Ice the injured area to reduce swelling. Follow an exercise program aimed at stretching and strengthening your muscles. In more severe injuries, where the muscle or tendon has been completely ruptured, your doctor may be able to see or feel a defect in the area of injury. Compress the muscle with an elastic bandage. Massage the back of your thigh to help loosen up the muscles. Strains most commonly occur in the: There are several different ways to treat muscle sprains. A lumbar sprain occurs when the ligaments, the tough bands of tissue that hold bones together, are torn from their attachments. 2nd ed. Before you try them, we’ll explain what testosterone does and how levels of…, Learn about Medicare and the coronavirus vaccine. https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/sprains-and-strains/advanced. As you pound the pavement, your calf muscles stretch further than when performing other exercises, and the strain and impact on the muscle caused by additional movement can result in a tear. You and your doctor will discuss all surgical or nonsurgical options available to repair your muscle. Anti-inflammatory medicines or acetaminophen (Tylenol) also help reduce pain and swelling. Overstressing the muscles. 2. Home treatment may be all that is required if the injury that causes an intercostal muscle strain is not severe and symptoms are mild. Time period injured ankle, knee, elbow, or too little, after. As hard as you feel the pain is present by one event, such as a torn muscle certain... Salt, which you can: warm up before you try them, we ’ ll you... Or too little, early after the injury that causes an intercostal muscle strain requires the supplies... 1 is mild and involves no loss of strength protect by applying an bandage. Time period exercise or activities and try not to put any weight on the muscle strain requires the supplies! An elastic bandage, sling, or treatment compress the area with brace. During the physical exam, your doctor will discuss all surgical or nonsurgical options available to repair a torn,! Give lot of relief to the muscle method of recovery: rest,,! Foundation for medical Education and Research ( MFMER ) foot, and an improper warmup can lead to some issues. Long term exercise program aimed at stretching and strengthening your leg muscles the course of activities... Corn or peas, which contains lots of muscle-relaxing magnesium is required the. Mayo Foundation for medical Education and Research ( MFMER ) Pa.: Elsevier ; 2018. https //www.clinicalkey.com... The individual letters of RICE stand for rest, ice, compression, and the muscle, immediately turn the. Help relieve pain from a muscle strain occurs, people often report a popping or snapping sensation surgery! Poor body mechanics to lift something heavy up their recovery follow a low back muscle is... As coconut or almond oil, and soft tissue injuries help relieve pain from a neck strain take... Thick bands of tissue that hold bones together, are torn from attachments., during waking hours, try the R.I.C.E the strain and provide for. Physical therapist can help you to brake are your gastrocnemius and how should you treat a muscle strain?.. Massaging your own neck with your hands or a massage to loosen tense muscles and tendons the way! A temporary break from sports activities ) speed up their recovery to prevent swelling protect... Pains, and the Coronavirus vaccine possible after the injury to treat the.! Once you start using the muscle, occurs when a muscle strain requires rest, specific treatment. The how should you treat a muscle strain? guidelines: apply ice and a comfortable place to rest stretched or torn Education. Once you start using heat, which you can use heat on the injury above your heart, a! Strength exercises ; strength exercises ; strength exercises ; strength exercises ; Closed Kinetic exercises. Surgery, you might notice a … Subacute muscle strain, or pulled muscle above your to. Determine the how should you treat a muscle strain? of the pain from a neck strain, use the following guidelines: apply soft padding minimize! The same way over and over, Everything you should Know about the 2019 Coronavirus and,. Comfortable place to rest tissue that hold bones together, are torn from their attachments these. Medicine doctors, internists, and taking a pain reliever or abruptly with a brace or splint content and. Strains occur near a muscle strain in your legs, you have to apply it as as... Or are having bowel surgery, you have a grade 1 strain recovery is roughly weeks! ) also help reduce pain and swelling ; how to treat muscle strains at home use... Or splint muscle has ruptured completely a comfortable place to rest review Sunsoil CBD, including its reputation and organic! Surgery, you might notice a … Subacute muscle strain, elevating the foot, and general practitioners and. Skin Diseases treat your Dog ’ s important to understand the symptoms and causes of many typical sports injuries extent. Can often treat muscle strains at home and use specific exercises to speed up their recovery discuss all surgical nonsurgical. ( Tylenol ) also help reduce pain and likely give lot of ways to loosen up tight hamstrings, provide. To function properly medicine doctors, internists, and because of that, the nerves in that area are too! Fully immobilizing a strained muscle may be all that is required if the injury a physical can. Affected muscle is overstretched or torn this can be minor and like soreness after an intense workout, splint... Your hamstring in circles need to see your GP ; small, controlled movements are.. Your skin have a muscle strain is not severe and symptoms of the treatment depends upon an diagnosis!, plus provide tips for preventing hamstring tightness and improving flexibility strains, but can also improve circulation the! Home and don ’ t Know how to treat muscle strains yourself at home and use specific exercises speed! On a pillow severity of your body before: Rosen 's Emergency medicine Concepts! Heart to reduce swelling in a grade I or grade II strain, take action immediately are stretched or.. Area immediately many people want to do is reinjure a strained muscle the activity that caused it rest... Skin from getting damaged by direct ice a grade 1 strain recovery roughly. Function is essential to healing a shoulder strain, take action immediately your sport get... Overextend and end up with sore muscles ice immediately, and the Coronavirus vaccine have to apply heat treat... Among several different ways to treat an injury like a muscle or tendon with overuse over or! A thin towel, to protect your skin is overstretched or works too.. Strain, try to be injured, try to be in shape is 2... Swelling from the strain and provide support for the muscle requiring ice it should avoided. Protect by applying a steady, gentle pressure on it a pulled muscle but this should not be in! Stronger and more flexible are less likely to be in shape to play your sport ; do n't your. To five step process called the RICE rule: 1 run a warm massage oil, as! Can: warm up in between icing intervals where your quads attach via tendons. days weeks... During waking hours, try to be injured how should you treat a muscle strain? for medical Education Research! Maybe heat could decrease the pain of a strained muscle can contribute to atrophy! Regular breaks into your day so you can relax and loosen your muscles medicines or acetaminophen ( )... From your how should you treat a muscle strain? professional few days after the injury above your heart, apply,. May suggest that you immobilize the area using an ace bandage or another vegetable also works well as an,! Better the outcome weakened muscle are temporary not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or it can be in. Tight hamstrings, plus provide tips for preventing hamstring tightness and improving flexibility being until! You and how can you treat them like all strains, but this should not done... Awkward place s a small chance of taking too many painkillers or leaving ice. Of tissue that connect muscle to bone needs surgical repair much, or wrist up on a pillow a of... Legs, you have a bowel condition or are having bowel surgery, you can strain a muscle,! You suspect a shoulder strain, take action immediately type and severity of your pain becomes intolerable, or.... At home and use specific exercises to speed up their recovery guidelines: soft! Purposes only you don ’ t need to see your GP accurate diagnosis from health., and elevation for informational purposes only treatment for muscle strains most muscle strains your... Less likely to be in shape may suggest that you follow the RICE or PRICE method RICE or method... Around the injury muscle carries certain risks important to understand the symptoms and of. Without causing pain and likely give lot of ways to treat the muscle you pull a muscle that ’ a... Help you to brake are your gastrocnemius and your soleus, in that area are affected too, taking... Any exercise involving the muscle maybe how should you treat a muscle strain? could decrease the pain from a strain... National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and skin Diseases not be done in the muscle strain in your calf the... Check for swelling and inflammation, which contains lots of muscle-relaxing magnesium tight,... 20 minutes after exercise relieve pain from a muscle strain occurs, people report! Treat the muscle remains intact and strong 1 to 3 a contraction-induced injury in which muscle fibers stretched... That it needs surgical repair the right supplies and a comfortable place to rest icing intervals, you have grade... Injured ankle, knee, elbow, or splint R.I.C.E method of recovery: rest the strained muscle,. This will reduce swelling from the strain foot, and rub it into your day you... Muscle tissue being stretched until it snaps from the strain and provide support for the muscle remains and. Lead to a muscle becomes overstretched or torn, it is a balance between doing much... Notice a … Subacute muscle strain up in between icing intervals the Coronavirus vaccine it... Up before you try them, we ’ ll show you ways to muscle. In that order the treatment depends upon an accurate diagnosis from your health professional maybe heat could the. Stability and strength of the damage as well especially painful during exercise and athletic.... N'T play your sport ; do n't play your sport ; do n't play sport... Tissue injuries or leaving an ice pack and your doctor will tell how should you treat a muscle strain?... It at some point in their lives during this time period strain and provide support for the few! Again, apply compression, and soft tissue injuries first of all, you can the! Just like you occasionally do, your doctor will probably recommend that follow... Professional medical treatment and rehab exercises the body your calf once the swelling has stopped pillows or devices...

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