ijn ship kongō

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pp. Sep 9, 2019 - Designed and built in Britain in 1912-1913, Kongo was the last Japanese capital ship built abroad. The ship displaced 2,248 long tons (2,284 t) and had a crew of 22 officers and 212 enlisted men. The process upgraded her propulsion capabilities, enabled her to carry and launch floatplanes, increasing her armour capacity by over 4,000 tons,[7] and was shortly thereafter reclassified as a Battleship. IJN Kongo. [52] She was subsequently raised and broken up for scrap in 1946. The Kongō-class battlecruiser (金剛型巡洋戦艦 Kongō-gata jun'yōsenkan ) was a class of four battlecruisers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) immediately before World War I. [11] Completed in January 1878,[5] Kongō sailed for Japan on 18 February under the command of a British captain and with a British crew because the IJN was not yet ready for such a long voyage. [4] The ironclad was barque-rigged and had a sail area of 14,036 square feet (1,304 m2). Lengerer, Hans (September 2006). [47], Haruna was laid down at Kobe by Kawasaki on 16 March 1912, launched 14 December 1913, and formally commissioned 19 April 1915. During the … [3], On 1 June 1935, Kongō's second reconstruction began. Chesneau, Roger; Kolesnik, Eugene M., eds (1979). As an island nation, the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) was consistently the forefront of Japan's military, characterized by advanced development of naval technology, quality shipbuilding and superb seamanship. [14] The ship was assigned to the Small Standing Fleet in 1885 and the ship made port visits to Port Arthur and Chefoo in China and Jinsen in Korea the following year. All of the 172-millimeter guns were positioned as chase guns, two forward and one aft. While, Imperial Service Ships were used by Japanese royalty for naval transport, "IJN KIRISHIMA: Tabular Record of Movement", Japanese naval ship classes of World War II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kongō-class_battlecruiser&oldid=995040079, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 10,000 nmi (19,000 km; 12,000 mi) at 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph), Sunk by US aircraft, 28 July 1945; broken up from 1946. The Kongō-class battlecruiser (金剛型巡洋戦艦, Kongō-gata jun'yōsenkan) was a class of four battlecruisers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) immediately before World War I. [40] After undergoing minor reconstructions in 1924 and 1927, Hiei was demilitarized in 1929 to avoid being scrapped under the terms of the Washington Treaty; she was converted to a training ship in Kure from 1929 to 1932. If superintendents, supervisors and trial witnesses are also included then about 200 Japanese spent time in Britain. She had a displacement of 37,187 tons, length of 728 ft 4 in (222 m), beam of 101 ft 8 in (31m), draft of 31 ft 10 in (9.7m) and a speed of 30 knots (56 kmph). [3][34] Kongō and her sisters engaged American naval forces in the Battle of Guadalcanal. The Kongō and Hiei attained 27.54 knots (51.00 km/h; 31.69 mph) and 27.72 knots (51.34 km/h; 31.90 mph) with 78,275 shp (58,370 kW) and 76,127 shp (56,768 kW), respectively. The class was built in the United Kingdom because such ships could not yet be constructed in Japan. Whitley says 26 November 1936, Breyer says November 1936, and Combined Fleet gives 1 April 1937. [49] She participated in the major Japanese offensives in the southern and southwestern Pacific in early 1942, before sailing as part of the carrier-strike force during the Battle of Midway. [18], By World War II, the guns used Type 91 armor-piercing, capped shells. Britain itself was in a great arms race with Germany. Also, horribly unbalanced, as well as breaks instantly, even with the new Sea Mod. [2], The contract for Kongō was awarded to Earle's Shipbuilding and Engineering Co. in Hull, England on 24 September 1875 for the price of £120,750, exclusive of armament. The engine was designed to produce 2,500 indicated horsepower (1,900 kW) to give the Kongō-class ironclads a speed of 13.5 knots (25.0 km/h; 15.5 mph). Hiei and Kirishima acted as escorts during the attack on Pearl Harbor, while Kongō and Haruna supported the invasion of Singapore. Although the ship played no part in the affair, she remained there to protect Japanese interests until relieved by the cruiser Naniwa[16] and reached home on 22 April. [40] Hiei was scuttled northwest of Savo Island on the evening of 13 November by Japanese destroyers. [26] The turrets were lightly armoured compared to later designs, with a maximum plate thickness of 9 inches (229 mm). [27] The upper belt remained unchanged, but was closed by 9-inch bulkheads at the bow and stern of the ships. They were designed to produce a total of 65,000 shaft horsepower (48,000 kW), using steam provided by 36 Yarrow or Kampon water-tube boilers, with working pressures ranging from 17.1 to 19.2 atm (1,733 to 1,945 kPa; 251 to 282 psi). [44][45] When the fleet encountered Rear Admiral Daniel Callaghan's Task Group in Ironbottom Sound, the First Naval Battle of Guadalcanal ensued. [48] She once again served escort duty during the disastrous Battle of Midway, before transferring to Truk Lagoon in preparation for operations against American landings on Guadalcanal. [1], Under the terms of the contract signed with Vickers in November 1910, one member of the Kongō class—the lead ship Kongō—was to be built in Britain and Vickers was to maximize the transfer of naval technology to Japan. This increased their range to 8,930 nautical miles (16,540 km; 10,280 mi) at 14 knots and allowed the fore funnel to be removed, which greatly decreased smoke interference with the bridge and fire-control systems. (Model kits manufactured by Fujimi) These four sister ships were the first modern battlecruisers in the Japanese arsenal. 40–53. [1] The turrets had an elevation capability of −5/+20 degrees, except in Kongō, whose turrets had a maximum elevation capability of +25 degrees. [13][14] During their 1930s reconstructions into fast battleships, the existing boilers were removed and replaced with eleven oil-fired Kampon boilers. The class was built in the United Kingdom because such ships could not yet be constructed in Japan. During their reconstruction in the 1930s, the maximum elevation of the guns was increased to +30 degrees, which increased their maximum range by approximately 900 metres (980 yd). 14 in fast battleship Kongo, lead ship of her class (unlike her three sisters she was built in British yards). The turbines were arranged in two compartments, separated by a centerline longitudinal bulkhead; both compartments were situated between turrets No. Battleship Kongō. [5] The ship was reboilered at Yokosuka Naval Arsenal in 1889; the new boilers proved to be less powerful during sea trials, with Kongō reaching a maximum speed of 12.46 knots (23.08 km/h; 14.34 mph) from 2,028 ihp (1,512 kW). Built in WW1 as battlecruisers, they were modernised and upgraded in the 1930s. 31–43. Category:Kongō (ship, 1913) From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Completed in 1878, Kongō briefly served with the Small Standing Fleet before becoming a training ship in 1887, thereafter making training cruises to the Mediterranean and to countries on the edge of the Pacific Ocean. [4] She had a forward draft of 18 feet (5.5 m) and drew 19 feet (5.8 m) aft. Swanston, Alexander & Swanston, Malcolm (2007). pp. [15] She was overhauled a second time from 1933 to 1935, which additionally strengthened her armour and reclassified her as a fast battleship. 45–54. [19] Kongō made the 1900 cruise to Manila, Hong Kong and Australia from 21 February to 30 July and both ships made the 1902 cruise, their last, to Manila and Australia from 19 February to 25 August. On 14 July, the general public was allowed to tour the ship for a week.[12]. The ship was opened for tours by the nobility, their families and invited guests for three days after the ceremony. Articles containing Japanese-language text, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Screw sloops of the Imperial Japanese Navy, First Sino-Japanese War naval ships of Japan, Horizontal-return connecting-rod steam engine, horizontal return connecting-rod steam engine, http://books.google.com/books?id=zDUBAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA430&dq=duke+of+genoa+visit+japan+1879&hl=en&sa=X&ei=XDg1UuOqOoTnqQHXy4H4Ag&ved=0CDoQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=duke%20of%20genoa%20visit%20japan%201879&f=false, http://books.google.com/books?id=XHhCAAAAYAAJ, http://homepage2.nifty.com/nishidah/e/stc0104.htm, List of ships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Japanese_ironclad_Kongō?oldid=2781728, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 3,100 nmi (5,700 km; 3,600 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). A special Type 3 Sanshikidan incendiary shrapnel shell was developed in the 1930s for anti-aircraft use.[17]. Their maximum rate of fire was 14 rounds a minute, but their sustained rate of fire was around eight rounds per minute. All four participated in the battles of Midway and Guadalcanal. Both weapons were license-built French Hotchkiss designs. As built, the Kongō class was fitted with a secondary armament of sixteen 15 cm/50 guns mounted in single casemates along the sides of the hull at the level of the upper deck. The mountain has lent its name to a series of naval ships and ship classes: the Imperial Japanese Navy's 1877 ironclad Kongō; the 1912 battleship Kongō, the name ship of her class; and the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force's current destroyer Kongō (DDG-173), also the name ship of her class. [51] Haruna remained at Kure throughout 1945, where she was sunk by aircraft of Task Force 38 on 28 July 1945, after taking nine bomb hits at her moorings. Lengerer, Hans (March 2007). IJN Kongo had an impressive main battery consisting of eight 356mm guns (36cm/45 (14 inch) 41st year type (model 1908) weighing in at 86,000KG per gun (688,000KG in just main batteries alone). [N 3] When the reconstruction was completed on 31 January 1940, Hiei was reclassified as a battleship. [15] On the eve of the commencement of World War II, Haruna sailed as part of Vice-Admiral Nobutake Kondō's Southern Force. The class was built in the United Kingdom because such ships could not yet be constructed in Japan. [12], In their first reconstruction during the late 1920s, the ships were reboilered with 10, 11 (Hiei) or 16 (Haruna) Kampon boilers, and their fuel stowage was rearranged to accommodate 2,661 long tons (2,704 t) of coal and 3,292 long tons (3,345 t) of oil. On 8 December 1941, Haruna provided heavy support for the invasion of Malaya and Singapore. Each of these guns had a maximum elevation of +75 degrees, and could fire a 6 kg (13 lb) projectile with a muzzle velocity of 680 m/s (2,200 ft/s) to a maximum height of 7,500 metres (24,600 ft). After a period of fleet duty in the early 1930s, she underwent a two-year reconstruction (1934–1936) to rebuild her as a Fast Battleship. [9], Kongō was fitted with three 172-millimeter (6.8 in) Krupp rifled breech-loading (RBL) guns and six RBL 152-millimeter (6.0 in) Krupp guns. Quite the same Wikipedia. [15] They arrived on 2 January 1891 and the ships' officers were received by Sultan Abdul Hamid II. [3], Kongō was 220 feet (67.1 m) long between perpendiculars and had a beam of 41 feet (12.5 m). [1] Her sister ships, Haruna, Kirishima and Hiei, were all completed in Japan. Around the same time she also received two 356-millimeter (14.0 in) torpedo tubes for Schwartzkopff torpedoes. [15] In 1944, Haruna was an escort during the Battle of the Philippine Sea and fought American surface vessels off Samar during the Battle of Leyte Gulf. 日本語: 戦艦・金剛 。. Kongō was launched on 17 April 1877; the wife of a secretary in the Japanese Legation cut the retaining rope with a hammer and chisel. [15] After a short patrolling duty off Sasebo, Haruna suffered a breech explosion during gunnery drills on 12 September 1920; seven crewmen were killed and the No. In Ahlberg, Lars. Her sister ships, Haruna, Kirishima and Hiei, were all completed in Japan. [47] Kirishima also assisted rescue efforts in the aftermath of the devastating 1923 Great Kantō earthquake, which destroyed most of Tokyo. Kongō was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside Japan. [6] It also called for eight 14-inch guns mounted in four twin gun turrets (two forward and two aft) with a top speed of 27.5 knots (50.9 km/h; 31.6 mph). [15], Kongō began another cadet cruise on 24 September 1892 and visited Vancouver and San Francisco. Commander Katô Hirohasu pushed for the adoption of a new 14-inch (356 mm)/45 calibre gun that was currently under development. [31][37][40] All of her armour and most of her armament were removed under the restrictions of the treaty and carefully preserved. [26] The conning tower of the Kongō class was very heavily armoured, with variations of Krupp Cemented Armour up to 14 inches (360 mm) thick. [3] The modifications were completed on 8 January 1937. During this engagement Kongō and Haruna bombarded Henderson Field with 430 14-inch and 33 6-inch shells on 13 October 1942. Kongō-gata jun'yōsenkan?) The IJN Kongo was sunk by the USS Sealion in 1944, marking the last time a battleship was sunk by a submarine in naval history. After the end of the Russo-Japanese War, Kongō's armament was reduced to six ex-Russian 12-pounder guns and six 2.5-pounders. The ships also mounted four 76 mm/40 anti-aircraft (AA) guns. The Kongō-class battleships were the most active capital ships of the Japanese Navy during World War II, participating in most major engagements of the war. It is available at lvl 24. She managed to inflict superficial damage on USS South Dakota, but she was in turn caught off guard while attacking South Dakota and was crippled by USS Washington. The main lower belt was strengthened to be a uniform thickness of 8 inches, while diagonal bulkheads of a depth ranging from 5 to 8 inches (127 to 203 mm) reinforced the main armoured belt. [40][45] While trying to evade an attack at 14:00, Hiei lost her emergency rudder and began to show a list to stern and starboard. In their initial configuration, the Kongō class possessed an upper belt that was 6 inches (152 mm) thick, and a lower belt with a thickness of 8 inches (203 mm). The design of the ships was from Vickers Design 472C (corresponding to the Japanese design designation B-46). [1] In 1911, the Japanese Diet passed the Emergency Naval Expansion Bill, authorizing the construction of one battleship (Fusō) and four armoured cruisers, to be designed by British naval architect George Thurston. Coupled with the addition of external torpedo bulges, this reduced their speed to 26 knots (48 km/h; 30 mph) and caused the IJN to reclassify them as battleships. Hiei and Kirishima were both lost during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal in November 1942, while Haruna and Kongō jointly bombarded the American Henderson Field airbase on Guadalcanal. Designed by British naval architect George Thurston, the lead ship of the class was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside of Japan as the latter three were built in Japanese shipyards. During the first reconstruction of the class during the 1920s, the elevation of the main guns was increased to a maximum of +33 degrees. Sources disagree on the reconstruction's beginning and ending dates. After serving as a transport and support-ship during the Second Sino-Japanese War, Kirishima escorted the aircraft carrier strikeforce bound for the attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941. "The IJN’s First Warship Order to a Foreign Country: Armoured Frigate Fusô and Belted Corvettes Kongô and Hiei – Part III". [3][30][N 2] Japan's withdrawal from the London Naval Treaty[32] led to reconstruction of her forward tower to fit the pagoda mast style of design, improvements to the boilers and turbines, and reconfiguration of the aircraft catapults aft of Turret 3. On 5 October the sisters departed Shinagawa for Kobe to pick up the 69 survivors of the wrecked Ottoman frigate Ertuğrul and continued on to Constantinople, Turkey, to return them to their homeland. [3], Hiei was laid down at Yokosuka Naval Arsenal on 4 November 1911, launched 21 November 1912, and commissioned at Sasebo 4 August 1914, attached to the Third Battleship Division of the First Fleet. Japanese ironclad Kongō. On 10 July a formal ceremony was held in Yokohama for the receipt of the ship that was attended by the Meiji Emperor and many senior government officials. The Kongō-class battlecruiser (金剛型巡洋戦艦, Kongō-gata jun'yōsenkan) was a class of four battlecruisers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) immediately before World War I.Designed by British naval architect George Thurston, the lead ship of the class, Kongō, was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside Japan, by Vickers at Barrow-in-Furness. Contact us. Kongō hosted the[13] Duke of Genoa when he visited Japan in late 1879. Kongō (金剛, "Indestructible Diamond") was the first of the Kongo-class battlecruiser. [40][45] Abe transferred his flag to Kirishima, and the battleship was taken under tow by the same ship, but one of her rudders froze in the full starboard position. [5], The final design of the battlecruisers resulted in an improved version of the Lion class, displacing an estimated 27,940 tonnes (27,500 long tons). During the Second Sino-Japanese War, Haruna primarily served as a large-scale troop transport for Japanese troops to the Chinese mainland. On the return voyage, they made a port visit at Piraeus where they were visited by King George I of Greece and his son, Crown Prince Constantine. Vidéo de Présentation/Gameplay du IJN Kongō, Cuirassé Japonnais de Tier 5 Vidéo réalisé sur la Closed Beta du jeu. Designed by British naval architect George Thurston, the lead ship of the class, Kongō, was the last Japanese capital ship c Designed by British naval architect George Thurston, the lead ship of the class, Kongō, was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside Japan, by Vickers at Barrow-in-Furness. [18] The ship played a minor role in the Russo-Japanese War before she was reclassified as a survey ship in 1906. Together with her sister ship Hiei, Kongō sailed from Shinagawa, Tokyo on 13 August 1889 on a training cruise to the Mediterranean with cadets from the Imperial Japanese Naval Academy, returning on 2 February 1890. [24] The 25 mm guns were mounted on the Kongō class in single, double, and triple mounts. [36] During the Battle of Leyte Gulf, Kongō sortied as part of Admiral Kurita's Center Force, scoring hits on an American escort carrier and sinking or damaging two destroyers during the Battle off Samar. She became a training ship in 1887 for the Kure Naval District. [1] The deck armour ranged from 1.5 to 2.75 inches (38 to 70 mm). [46] Over the next day, Hiei was attacked by American aircraft many different times. She capsized and sank at 03:25 with the loss of 212 of her crew. 3D model Armor model Modules scheme. In Ahlberg, Lars. Live Statistics. Designed by British naval architect George Thurston, the lead ship of the class, Kongō, was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside Japan, by Vickers at Barrow-in-Furness. Specifics. Kongō (金剛, "Indestructible Diamond", named for Mount Kongō) was a warship of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War I and World War II. Upgraded during their modernizations ship returned to active duty during the Battle of Leyte Gulf in October... The superstructure, lengthened the stern, and machinery space were all completed in.! Armament was reduced to six ex-Russian 12-pounder guns and six 2.5-pounders, their families and invited guests for days... 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