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Upon his death, his son, the second Baron Baltimore, Cecil Calvert (also called Lord Baltimore), founded Maryland in 1632. Massachusetts 1620 1629 William Bradford John Winthrop Male church members who owned property could vote Religious freedom for Pilgrims and Puritans (Separatists) 2. Each person should take notes and answer the following questions: 1. They taught the colonists how to grow crops and survive the harsh winters. Another important person is captain Henry Hudson who discovered the Hudson river. Martin Kelly, M.A., is a history teacher and curriculum developer. Over time, colonists became frustrated with this unfair economic system and with Britain's administration of taxation of the colonies without any accompanying representation in Britain.Â. In 1636, the first university, Harvard, was founded in America. The British government decided that the colonists should help pay for this war. Because the American colonies were very far away from Great Britain they often had to solve their problems alone. In some colonies people had to be a member of a religion in order to have the right to vote. Towards the end of the 18 th century Catholics, Jews and other groups lived in America. Other English colonies sprang up all along the Atlantic coast, from Maine to Georgia. Nearly all the colonies were founded by the English . The colony was known for having religious freedom. They produced iron and textiles. Connecticut This led to a war between England and France in the middle of the 18 th century. These colonies belonged to the British Empire and were founded during the 17th and 18th centuries.Â, By the 1700s, the British government controlled its colonies under mercantilism, a system that regulated the balance of trade in favor of Britain. In 1776 the 13 colonies declared their independence from Great Britain . 13 Colonies Interactive Map. Others were fed up with wars and rebellions that went on in Europe and made it unstable. He was ordered to return to England but joined the Narragansetts instead and founded Providence. The government included a governor and a representative legislature with popularly elected officials. Year Founded = Identify the year the colony was founded. Some countries, besides England, that were in the British Empire were Wales, Scotland, and parts of Ireland. Maryland was the first proprietary government, which means that the proprietor had executive authority. The colony of New York was originally part of the Dutch colony of New Netherland founded in 1609 by Peter Minuit, which became New Amsterdam in 1614. At this time Great Britain was one of the most powerful countries in the world. He was able to get a charter for his colony in 1643, and it became a royal colony under King Charles II in 1663.Â, Under the colony charter, England appointed the governor, but the freeholders elected an assembly. Background & Directions You are a new travel agency working for one of the American Colonies. Complete the chart by defining and analyzing each item. North and South Carolina began as one colony called Carolina in the 1660s. The Council for New England gave the charter to Captain John Mason. Below are excerpts from colonial era founding documents citing these religious references. In fact, for a time, the colonies of Massachusetts Bay and New Hampshire were joined. In 1624 Dutch settlers founded a settlement along the mouth of the Hudson River. Start studying Thirteen Colonies Chart. General James Oglethorpe led the settlement at Savannah as a refuge for the poor and persecuted. Using the red books provided if necessary, compare the reasons for colonizing the areas in your assigned region (New England, Middle, and Southern colonies). They passed laws and collected taxes. Quite quickly, he was able to seize New Amsterdam and renamed it New York. The governments of the colonies were formed in different manners and with various structures. Each colony was set up in a way such that by the mid-1700s, they had a strong capacity for self-government and held local elections. Sep 3, 2014 - Thirteen Original Colonies Map - Primary Worksheet - Free to print (PDF file). This would be divided into two houses, much like the legislative branch later established in the U.S. Constitution. After Virginia organized a representative assembly, James felt threatened and had plans to disband it, but his death in 1625 ended his plans and the General Assembly remained in place. Women were not allowed to vote and married women were not allowed to own land. The 13 Original U.S. Colonies . They called it New Amsterdam. Mar 21, 2014 - Thirteen Colonies Chart | Thirteen Colonies Chart.. American colonists were very religious people. Teaching Social Studies Teaching Resources Teaching Ideas William Bradford Political Freedom 13 Colonies … As time went on immigrants from other countries brought their religion with them and spread their beliefs across the colonies. providing opportunities for colonists to participate in government. A representative legislature was called together, and in 1639 the legislature adopted the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, which primarily establishes the rights of an individual. Most of the settlements were located in the southern part of the colony. They also went hunting and fishing. Southern colonists were mostly Baptists and Anglicans. In 1620 a second group of colonists, the Pilgrims, left England on the Mayflower. This support varied from tax benefits to religious requirements for voting or serving in the legislature.” A ll colonies were predominantly Christian. A large number of diverse settlers gathered there. They wanted peace and a quiet life. He created a government where he made the laws with the consent of the freemen landowners in the colony. There were two houses: one of the freemen and the second consisted of the governor and his council. Most of them had assemblies, like the parliament in England. 1620 1629 William Bradford. Georgia was established in 1732 and given to a group of 21 trustees by King George II as a buffer colony between the Spanish in Florida and the rest of the English colonies. Leader/Founder = Identify the Founder of the Colony or the Leader put in place by England to rule the colony The chart below provides additional information including the years of settlement and founders of each. Boston - John Winthrop. Colonial families often paid a teacher to run a private grammar school which taught them maths, Latin and other subjects. Each man was given the title "Lord Proprietor of the Province of Carolina.". South Carolina separated from North Carolina in 1719 when it was named a royal colony. Thirteen Colonies Chart Name: _____ Period: _____ Colony = Identify the name of the colony. In 1664, King Charles II gave the entire country, from the Connecticut to the Delaware, to his brother James, Duke of York, ignoring the claims of the Dutch colony. They pushed them westward and took away more and more of their land. Massachusetts 1620 1629 William Bradford John Winthrop Male church members who owned property could vote Religious freedom for Pilgrims and Puritans (Separatists) 2. Many different religious groups came up all along the eastern coast. As there were no churches people went to meeting houses to pray together. They set up a colony at Plymouth, in today’s Massachusetts. The English founded the first permanent settlement in America in 1607. Connecticut 1635 Thomas Hooker Fundamental Orders of Connecticut Religious and political freedom – Thomas … At times Britain did not pay very much attention to the colonists and their needs. Thirteen Colonies Chart. By 1750 there were 13 English colonies in North America. Others were fed up with wars and rebellions that went on in Europe and made it unstable. In 1685 New York became a royal colony, and King James II sent Sir Edmund Andros to be the royal governor. The Thirteen Colonies 16th century England was not interested in exploration and colonization, but for the most part, English colonies in North America were more for bussiness and in search of gold . The 13 Colonies Travel Brochure Objectives I will understand how and why the 13 colonies of America were founded and how they compared to each other with respect to government, culture, geography, and economy. Many of them left Europe because they could not believe in their faith freely. The American colonies were farming land. Start studying The Leaders of the Thirteen Colonies. By the year 1702 all 13 American colonies had some form of state-supported religion. Puritans from Massachusetts Bay also helped settle the colony. Most settlers came to America because they wanted religious freedom. Parents taught their children to read the Bible because it was often the only book they had. In this case, the 13 colonies were located in North America, and they were controlled by Great Britain. John Winthrop Male church members who owned property could vote Religious freedom for Pilgrims and Puritans (Separatists) 2. Williams was president of Rhode Island's general assembly from 1654 to 1657.Â. Thirteen Colonies Chart Colony Year Founded Leader/Founder Government Reasons Founded New England Colonies 1. They were divided into three groups: Colonists had many reasons for leaving Europe and coming to the New World. Thirteen states. Farmers in the south saw a chance to earn a lot by growing and selling tobacco. Click on a founder below to learn more! England 13 Colonies Population About 12,000,000 About 2, 800,000 Money Very wealthy, established nation with a treasury New government with very little money Industry Developed and growing industry Almost no industry Military Large, well trained army with mercenaries too Volunteer forces that were poorly equipped Leaders Many well-trained officers There were many great leaders and important people in the middle colonies. From 13 Colonies to 50 States Narrator On July 4, 1776, leaders of the 13 colonies in North America met in Philadelphia and declared their independence from Great Britain and King George III. In 1702, the two parts were combined, and New Jersey was made a royal colony with an elected assembly. The Duke chose to give citizens a limited form of self-government. During this time, many American Indians were displaced. Massachusetts. Fathers taught their sons how to grow crops and hunt, daughters had to help their mothers cook, sew and look after the animals. The new United States of America was born. At first, the two colonies were joined and shared the same legislative assembly. New Hampshire (1623) - John Mason was the first land holder. About forty years later English settlers drove the Dutch away and renamed the town New York. Williams was an outspoken Puritan who believed that church and state should be completely separate. 13 mini-flapbooklets to record information on the Who, When, & Why for each of the 13 colonies; Colonies Chart and 3 fact-based passages on colonies {NEW!} This support varied from tax benefits to religious requirements for voting or serving in the legislature. The first colonies in North America were founded on the eastern coast. When the first Europeans came to America Indians had already been living there for many centuries. Wealthy families sent older children back to Europe to study at colleges and universities. The United States of America started out as 13 original colonies. The first colony was called Jamestown, situated in today’s Virginia. increasing colonial ties with English leaders in parliament. There were no elected governors. The 13 Colonies Chart provides important information and interesting facts about each of the 13 Colonies including the date the colony was established, the region (New England, Middle or Southern) the system of government, religion, details Global Investment Insight Frederick Stone Batcheller/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain. In 1634, the General Court ruled that the settlers must create a representative legislative body. George Calvert, the first Baron Baltimore, was a Roman Catholic who faced discrimination in England. Thomas Hooker organized the colony to have a means of defense against the local Pequots. Penn set up the colony to allow for religious freedom. They raised cattle that gave them meat, milk and butter and kept chicken and sheep. The resource includes a detailed 2 page readin Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Interactive Grammar and Vocabulary Exercises, Colonial America - Multiple Choice Exercise, Colonial America - Vocabulary Matching Exercise, Colonial America - Fill in the missing words, Text and Worksheets available at our shop, George Washington - America's First President, The New England Colonies : Rhode Island, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, The Middle Colonies : Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, The Southern Colonies: Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina, Georgia. A legislative assembly was created to consent to the laws passed by the governor. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Some historians believe that this written constitution was the basis for the later U.S. Constitution. In 1775 war erupted between Britain and the American colonies and a year later the Declaration of Independence was signed – a document that separated America from Great Britain. One great leader is Peter Stuyversant. Virginia. Prompts are included to help you focus your analysis on the ... European leaders Vs Colonial Citizens They led many wars, which cost a lot of money. The first factories appeared in the Middle Colonies. Today … Teaching the 13 Colonies, or Colonial America, is a highlight of my school year. Ruling powers were given to a governor. Some early colonial governments foreshadowed elements that would be found in the U.S. government after independence. In New England farms had little land but in the southern colonies farms were much bigger. Saved from images.search.yahoo.com. The Connecticut colony was founded in 1636 when the Dutch established the first trading post on the Connecticut River, part of a movement of people who left the Massachusetts Bay Colony to find better land. Some only had a small area of farming land in Europe and expected to get bigger farms in America. Delaware was founded as a colony in 1638 by Peter Minuit and the New Sweden Company. Economic Activities in the 13 Colonies. Answer the multiple choice questions by using the interactive map. The two colonies separated in 1719. A very important man is William Penn. Virginia was the first permanently settled English colony, with the 1607 founding of Jamestown. As the colonies were established throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, the population grew immensely, starting at just 2,000 people and rising to over 2 million. 13 Colonies - Pilgrims vs. Puritans - Reading and Comparison Chart - This 5 page resource relates to the 13 Colonies of American history and centers on the similarities and differences between the Pilgrims and the Puritans in early 13 Colonies history. Although it had been inhabited by Europeans since the 1640s, the colony of New Jersey was founded in 1664, when the Duke of York, the future King James II, gave the land between the Hudson and Delaware Rivers to two loyal followers, Sir George Carteret and Lord John Berkeley. New Jersey was made a royal charter in 1691, Plymouth colony and Massachusetts and. Pilgrims and Puritans ( Separatists ) 2 as the Upper Province of Carolina. `` by hand or by.. Founded = Identify the year the colony connecticut became a royal colony when James I revoked charter... 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