what is sensitive personal data

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Thousands of users were tricked into submitting what looks like harmless information but later used to get their personal data. We’ve explained more about personal data and the circumstances where it applies to the GDPR in our earlier blog, so we’ll turn our focus now to sensitive personal data. One major change from the CCPA is the CPRA's introduction of “sensitive personal information” (sensitive PI) as a new regulated dataset. Sensitive personal data is a special category of data identified under Article 9 and Recital 51 in the GDPR. Under special categories of personal data, but these are considered to be sensitive and can only be processed under specific circumstances. How sensitive can non-personal data be? Unlike personal data, which contains explicit information about a person’s name, age, gender, sexual orientation, biometrics and other genetic details, non-personal data is more likely to be in an anonymised form. Sensitive personal data or Sensitive personal information is any personal data whose leakage, unauthorized use or abuse may injure a particular person (data subject). Sensitive information is data that is required to be protected from being accessed by unauthorised parties. God Bless you man. But whereas pseudonymisation allows anyone with access to the data to view part of the data set, encryption allows only approved users to access the full data set. if sensitive personal data is processed based on consent, the quality of consent meets the new requirements under the GDPR. Organizations can also create an inventory of sensitive data, upholding the GDPR requirement for ongoing data surveillance by monitoring it around the clock via the Enterprise Recon dashboard. Why Does The Distinction Between Personal and Sensitive Information Matter? Sensitive data is, in some way, an imaginary tip of the iceberg among other personal data (such as name, surname, address). This resource should be read together with the Australian Privacy Principle (APP) guidelines. The injury may be of a financial, material or psychological nature. Personal data is a term used in Europe that is roughly equivalent to PII. This can include names, identification numbers, location data, as well as other instances of structured and unstructured data. The GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) makes a distinction between ‘personal data’ and ‘sensitive personal data’. The EU mandated the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in May 2018, with the goal of protecting all forms of personal data, which is defined as any information relating a person to an identifier. Personal data that has been de-identified, encrypted or pseudonymised but can be used to re-identify a person remains personal data and falls within the scope of the GDPR. A version of this blog was originally published on 9 February 2018.Â. Sensitive information includes all data, whether original or copied, which contains: 1. This type of data is called sensitive personal data. This is a modifiedconcept. In addition to general personal data, one must consider above all the special categories of personal data (also known as sensitive personal data) which are highly relevant because they are subject to a higher level of protection. You can find out more about the differences between personal data and sensitive personal data by taking our Certified GDPR Foundation Self-Paced Online Training Course. Sensitive data is, in some way, an imaginary tip of the iceberg among other personal data (such as name, surname, address). Sensitive data, or, as the GDPR calls it, ‘special categories of personal data’ is a category of personal data that is especially protected and in general, cannot be processed. In this blog, we look at the difference between those terms, and we begin by recapping the Regulation’s definition of personal data: ‘[P]ersonal data’ means any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person (‘data subject’). This site uses cookies to deliver services in accordance with the Privacy Policy. The EU mandated the General Data Protection Regulation (, ) in May 2018, with the goal of protecting all forms of personal data, which is, any information relating a person to an identifier. The following personal data are considered as special categories of personal data and are subject to specific processing conditions according to the Art. Since its inception, there’s been some confusion about what classifies as general and sensitive personal data, which may be a top contributing factor as to why only 20% of businesses believe they are GDPR compliant. There is some confusion about the difference between personal data and sensitive personal data and even whether sensitive personal data exists as a term! Personal data, also known as personal information or personally identifiable information (PII) is any information relating to an identifiable person.. Age. Under the GDPR […] This is done as to safeguard the security and the privacy of an individual or organisation. Your email address will not be published. Sensitive information is data that is required to be protected from being accessed by unauthorised parties. Personal data covers a much broader definition than the previous legislation demanded. Personal Identifiable Information (PII) is defined as: Any representation of information that permits the identity of an individual to whom the information applies to be reasonably inferred by either direct or indirect means. Sensitive personal data is also covered in GDPR as special categories of personal data. As with personal data generally, it should only be kept on laptops or portable devices if the file has been encrypted and/or pseudonymised. Now that the GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) is in effect, you’ve probably heard how the GDPR defines personal data and that it includes a sub-category of sensitive personal data, which comes with its own requirements. This type of data is called sensitive personal data. Although it is central to protecting data – being mentioned 15 times in the GDPR – and can help protect the privacy and security of personal data, pseudonymisation has its limits, which is why the GDPR also mentions encryption. What is sensitive personal data? Definition under the GDPR Want to keep up with all our blog posts? This is more commonly collected since apps and websites often need these details to run payments or maintain subscriptions.Sensitive information is a type of personal information. While remaining largely the same, there are some changes to the conditions for processing personal data and sensitive personal data. The GDPR makes a clear distinction between sensitive and non-sensitive personal data. This resource aims to assist entities bound by the Privacy Act 1988 (the Privacy Act) to understand and apply the definition of ‘personal information’ in section 6(1) of the Act. Processing of sensitive personal data is as a rule prohibited but there are certain exceptions. Top 6 tips to manage your personal data post-Schrems II. You’ll learn about the six data protection principles, the rights of data subjects, the ways in which you can protect personal data and the steps you must take if a breach occurs. The GDPR makes a clear distinction between sensitive and non-sensitive personal data. What is sensitive data under the GDPR? GDPR personal data is a broad category. Pseudonymisation masks data by replacing identifying information with artificial identifiers. What are the security risks of Cloud computing? Nuances like this are common throughout the GDPR, and any organisation that hasn’t taken the time to study its compliance requirements thoroughly is liable to be tripped up. Sensitive personal data is also covered in GDPR as special categories of personal data. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Personal information includes data that identifies an individual. GDPR requirements are too complex to implement. There is some confusion about the difference between personal data and sensitive personal data and even whether sensitive personal data exists as a term! Sensitive personal data should be held separately from other personal data, preferably in a locked drawer or filing cabinet. According to the GDPR, sensitive personal data can be: Racial or ethnic origin Sensitive personal data should be held separately from other personal data, preferably in a locked drawer or filing cabinet. personal data revealing racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs; How sensitive can non-personal data be? Types of sensitive data. Special category data is personal data that needs more protection because it is sensitive. Any data that relates to an identified or identifiable living individual is known as personal data. The special categories specifically include: genetic data relating to the inherited or acquired genetic characteristics which give unique information about a person’s physiology or the health of that natural person While it includes the obvious personal information such as This includes credit card number, email address, name and date of birth, it … Defining Sensitive Personal Data Under the GDPR, personal data means any information that is clearly identifiable and about a particular person. Note that in employer-employee relationship consent for … But the good news is that it doesn’t have to be so difficult. Sensitive personal data should be held separately from other personal data, preferably in a locked drawer or filing cabinet. Doxing: The means by which a person’s true identity is intentionally exposed online. Sensitive data or specially protected data has be treated differently. The introduction of this new dataset also aligns with additional disclosure and purpose limitation requirements, and new consumer rights relating to their sensitive … The processing of sensitive data is only legal if it satisfies at least one of the following conditions: GDPR compliance is often labeled as difficult to achieve, with 36% of businesses claiming GDPR requirements are too complex to implement. Personal data are any anonymous data that can be double checked to identify a specific individual (e.g. Have a nice day. Personal data sounds like a casual way to describe the above, but it’s more than that. As with personal data generally, it should only be kept on laptops or portable devices if the file has been encrypted and/or pseudonymised. Under the current Data Protection Directive, personal data is information pertaining to one’s racial or ethnic makeup In its most basic definition, sensitive data is a specific set of “special categories” that must be treated with extra security. Euro-centric publications won’t tend to use the term PII unless discussing something explicitly American. Euro-centric publications won’t tend to use the term PII unless discussing something explicitly American. Sensitive information. Different pieces of information, which collected together can lead to the identification of a particular person, also constitute personal data. Personal data … This data requires a higher degree of protection due to the nature of the information and because the processing of the information could create “significant risks to … This means that exposure of sensitive data can potentially cause financial or personal harm. Definition To define personal data, account must be taken of all the means available to the “data controller” to determine whether a person is identifiable. Under the GDPR, ‘personal data’ means “any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person”. If the individual withdraws consent, you are legally required to remove their records from your database. Also called PII (personally identifiable information), personal information is any data that can be linked to a specific individual and used to facilitate identity theft. Is using the information for the purposes of, Requires the information to complete tasks in. Encryption also obscures information by replacing identifiers with something else. Personal data is any information that relates to an identified or identifiable living individual. With Enterprise Recon by Ground Labs, GDPR compliance is easily achievable, as the award-winning solution can identify, monitor and remediate over 300 different types of data, including personal sensitive information. In addition to general personal data, one must consider above all the special categories of personal data (also known as sensitive personal data) which are highly relevant because they are subject to a higher level of protection. Full names, home addresses, telephone numbers, birthdays, email addresses and bank account details all fall under personal information. Pseudonymisation and encryption can be used simultaneously or separately. One major change from the CCPA is the CPRA's introduction of “sensitive personal information” (sensitive PI) as a new regulated dataset. He has a master’s degree in Critical Theory and Cultural Studies, specialising in aesthetics and technology, and is a one-time winner of a kilogram of jelly beans. Required fields are marked *. Certain categories under personal data require extra protection, have special processing requirements, and are termed as sensitive personal data. For example, say you needed someone’s personal data to fulfil a contract, but you used consent instead of the contractual obligation provision. Not all personal data is equally important. The injury may be of a financial, material or psychological nature. 9 of the GDPR: personal data revealing racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs; trade-union membership; Biometric data (where processed to uniquely identify someone). Don’t leave sensitive personal information up to chance — book a demo with us today to get started on a clear path to GDPR compliance. As companies all around the world continue have large portions of their workforce remote, the need to keep their data safe and protected is even more critical. This one-day course is the perfect introduction to the GDPR and the requirements you need to meet. The introduction of this new dataset also aligns with additional disclosure and purpose limitation requirements, and new consumer rights relating to their sensitive … Personal Data. Just understanding how to process sensitive personal data under the legislation is enough to make one’s head spin. Personal data … You certainly put a brand new spin on a topic that It’s ideal for managers who want to understand how the Regulation affects their organisation and employees who are responsible for GDPR compliance. Under the GDPR, ‘personal data’ means “any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person”. The three main types of sensitive information that exist are: personal information, business information and classified information. This is done as to safeguard the security and the privacy of an individual or organisation. has been discussed for decades. As with personal data generally, it should only be kept on laptops or portable devices if the file has been encrypted and/or pseudonymised. to be looking for. “Sensitive” personal data generally falls into the following categories, and as a business, this data must be treated with the highest security: Once these different types of data are understood and classified, it’s time to address how to process sensitive information in a compliant manner under the GDPR. Right here is the perfect site for everyone who wishes to find out about this topic. The processing of sensitive data. Personal data may also include special categories of personal data or criminal conviction and offences data. Note that in employer-employee relationship consent for … Information relating to people who can be indirectly identified from that data or from other information along with it. Luke Irwin is a writer for IT Governance. In certain circumstances, this could include anything from someone’s name to their physical appearance. 2. Personal data sounds like a casual way to describe the above, but it’s more than that. Bye, Your email address will not be published. Personal information: Sensitive personally identifiable information (PII) is data that can be traced back to an individual and that, if disclosed, could result in harm to that person. if it satisfies at least one of the following conditions: Necessary for the carrying out of obligations under employment, social security or social protection law, or a collective agreement, Necessary to protect the vital interests of a data subject who is physically or legally incapable of giving consent, Processing carried out by a not-for-profit body with a political, philosophical, religious or trade union aim provided the processing relates only to members or former members (or those who have regular contact with it in connection with those purposes) and provided there is no disclosure to a third party without consent, Data manifestly made public by the data subject, Necessary for the establishment, exercise or defence of legal claims or where courts are acting in their judicial capacity, Necessary for reasons of substantial public interest on the basis of Union or Member State law which is proportionate to the aim pursued and which contains appropriate safeguarding measures, Necessary for the purposes of preventative or occupational medicine, for assessing the working capacity of the employee, medical diagnosis, the provision of health or social care or treatment or management of health or social care systems and services on the basis of Union or Member State law or a contract with a health professional, Necessary for reasons of public interest in the area of public health, such as protecting against serious cross-border threats to health or ensuring high standards of healthcare and of medicinal products or medical devices, Necessary for archiving purposes in the public interest, or scientific and historical research purposes or statistical purposes in accordance with Article 89(1) – this is a new condition under the GDPR and provides that sensitive data can be processed for the purposes of archiving, research and statistics, is often labeled as difficult to achieve, with. Sensi… Certain categories under personal data require extra protection, have special processing requirements, and are termed as sensitive personal data. Why Does The Distinction Between Personal and Sensitive Information Matter? As you might expect, there are extra rules when processing sensitive personal data. Not only must you document a lawful basis for processing under Article 6 of the GDPR, you must also document a lawful basis under Article 9.Â. personal information that could result in illegal discrimination against an individual or pose a serious risk to an individual today to get started on a clear path to GDPR compliance. Certain personal data is by its nature particularly sensitive and therefore has stronger protection. What is “personal data” according to GDPR? In order to lawfully process special category data, you must identify both a lawful basis under Article 6 of the GDPR and a separate condition for processing under Article 9. Just understanding how to process sensitive personal data under the legislation is enough to make one’s head spin. Personal sensitive data generally consists of information such as: Under the old 1998 version of the Data Protection Act (DPA) 1998 there was a term ‘sensitive personal data’. Don’t leave sensitive personal information up to chance —. The definition of personal data is modified and simplified, and the definition of sensitive personal data is retained and extended to cover genetic data and biometric data. So, let’s see if we can clarify the situation. You have ended my four day lengthy hunt! Learn how your comment data is processed. So, let’s see if we can clarify the situation. Personal data that has been de-identified, encrypted or pseudonymised but can be used to re-identify a person remains personal data and falls within the scope of the GDPR. Personal information:as defined by the North Carolina Identity Theft Protection Act of 2005, a series of broad laws to prevent or discourage identity theft and to guard and protect individual privacy. Unlike personal data, which contains explicit information about a person’s name, age, gender, sexual orientation, biometrics and other genetic details, non-personal data is more likely to be in an anonymised form. they are GDPR compliant. But the good news is that it doesn’t have to be so difficult. You can specify the conditions for storage or access to cookies in your browser or the configuration of the service. Under the GDPR, personal data means any information that is clearly identifiable and about a particular person. Personal identifiable information under the responsibility of the Land Transportation Office of the Philippines were downloaded by unauthorized individuals. These do not have to be linked. Personal data is any information that relates to an identified or identifiable living individual. Sensitive data or specially protected data has be treated differently. Since its inception, there’s been some confusion about what classifies as general and sensitive personal data, which may be a top contributing factor as to why only. 9 of the GDPR: personal data revealing racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs; trade-union membership; There are also legal complications when you rely on consent. Under the current Data Protection Directive, personal data is information pertaining to Learn more about it here. “Sensitive” personal data generally falls into the following categories, and as a business, this data must be treated with the highest security: Once these different types of data are understood and classified, it’s time to address how to process sensitive information in a compliant manner under the GDPR. The IPPs do not refer to sensitive information and agencies are required to handle all information, including sensitive information, in accordance with the IPPs. Getting consent. This data requires a higher degree of protection due to the nature of the information and because the processing of the information could create “significant risks to the fundamental rights and freedoms” of the data subject. This can include names, identification numbers, location data, as well as other instances of structured and unstructured data. Date of Birth. Personal Data. GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation), Certified GDPR Foundation Self-Paced Online Training Course, Cyber attacks and data breaches in review: January to June 2020. if sensitive personal data is processed based on consent, the quality of consent meets the new requirements under the GDPR. Data must therefore be assignable to identified or identifiable living persons to be considered personal. Address. 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