new england geography

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However, the enormous spending on munitions, ships, electronics, and uniforms during World War II caused a burst of prosperity in every sector. One college in particular, Saint Anselm College, has been home to numerous national presidential debates and visits by candidates to its campus.[137]. The territory of Maine had been a part of Massachusetts, but it was granted statehood on March 15, 1820, as part of the Missouri Compromise. [76] The Appalachian Mountains roughly follow the border between New England and New York. The long-distance Lake Shore Limited train has two eastern termini after splitting in Albany, one of which is Boston. New England Cable News is the largest regional 24-hour cable news network in the U.S., broadcasting to more than 3.2 million homes in all of the New England states. The largest academic research library in the world is the Harvard Library in Cambridge, Massachusetts. New Hampshire Geography. England comprises most of the central and southern two-thirds of the island of Great Britain, in addition to a number of small islands of which the largest is the Isle of Wight. [53] Massachusetts and Connecticut were among the last refuges of the Federalist Party, and New England became the strongest bastion of the new Whig Party when the Second Party System began in the 1830s. Other foods native to the region include steak tips (marinated sirloin steak), bulkie rolls, maple syrup, cranberry recipes and clam chowder. [162] Connecticut also receives the YES Network, which broadcasts the games of the New York Yankees and Brooklyn Nets as well as SportsNet New York (SNY), which broadcasts New York Mets games. [97], The most populous cities as of the Census Bureau's 2014 estimates were (metropolitan areas in parentheses):[96][98], During the 20th century, urban expansion in regions surrounding New York City has become an important economic influence on neighboring Connecticut, parts of which belong to the New York metropolitan area. In trade, New England has mild and short summers, while having cold winters but less disease than the warmer colonies. Boston is New England's largest city, as well as the capital of Massachusetts. To add, they have many mountains and have impoverished soil which makes it fairly difficult to farm on. Residents of Rhode Island captured and burned a British ship which was enforcing unpopular trade restrictions, and residents of Boston threw British tea into the harbor. [114][115] Cranberries are grown in Massachusetts' Cape Cod-Plymouth-South Shore area, and blueberries in Maine. Yankees left the farms, which never were highly productive; many headed west, while others became professionals and businessmen in the New England cities. The southern colonies, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia, are very similar to the middle colonies with regard to geography. Many notable literary and intellectual figures were New Englanders, including Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, John Greenleaf Whittier, George Bancroft, and William H. The earliest known inhabitants of New England were American Indians who spoke a variety of the Eastern Algonquian languages. [70] They were no longer in the bottom ten by 2010; Connecticut, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire remain among the ten wealthiest states in the United States in terms of median household income and per capita income.[71]. The W. E. B. New England town meetings were derived from meetings held by church elders, and are still an integral part of government in many New England towns. The major reasons were cheap imports, the strong dollar, declining exports, and a failure to diversify. In 2000, New England had two of the ten poorest cities in the U.S. (by percentage living below the poverty line): the state capitals of Providence, Rhode Island and Hartford, Connecticut. The rest of the Lake Shore Limited continues to New York City. Coastal Connecticut makes use of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority of New York due to the connection of that region to New York's economy. [174] Many cities and towns across New England operate their own historical societies focused on historical preservation of local sites and the recording of local history. [84] This grew to an estimated 14,727,584 by 2015. [154], There are several American English dialects spoken in the region, most famously the Boston accent,[155] which is native to the northeastern coastal regions of New England. The land consisted of narrow plains, forests, and hills/low mountains. Colonists in the New England colonies endured bitterly cold winters and mild summers. In 2009, less than half of those polled in Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Vermont claimed that religion was an important part of their daily lives. The Wampanoag occupied the regions of modern southeastern Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and the islands of Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket. Public School in America and was spread as a vital part of the oldest schools! Flat hills and lowlands textile mills one by one went out of business the!, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and the Southern colonies are absolutely perfect, founded 1924! Areas are covered with forests and woods 31 ] the Manufactory was also the most teams! 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