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[19] The Vatican daily bulletin of 23 October 2014 announced that with the appointment of his successor Donato Ogliari, the territory of the abbey outside the immediate monastery grounds had been transferred to the Diocese of Sora-Aquino-Pontecorvo, now renamed Diocese of Sora-Cassino-Aquino-Pontecorvo. That is why the first High Medical School in the world was soon opened in nearby Salerno which is considered today to have been the earliest Institution of Higher Education in Western Europe. John."[8]. [12] In 1505 the monastery was joined with that of St. Justina of Padua. From this, we can infer a fairly small community. Tourist and travel guide / Tourism portal, © Happy Holidays / Tourist and travel guide / Tourism portal, Tourist nd travel guide / Tourism portal / Holidays 2020, Monte Cassino Monastery: Sightseeing and attractions of the abbey complex, Prices in Berlin / Attractions, museums, cigarettes, alcohol, food, beer, metro. On February 15, 1944, over 500 tons of bombs were dropped at the monastery. According to Gregory the Great's biography of Benedict, Life of Saint Benedict of Nursia, the monastery was constructed on an older pagan site, a temple of Apollo that crowned the hill. Further down, there are rows of crosses and graves in which soldiers participating in the Battle of Monte Cassino were buried. On average, each of them is planned for about 90 minutes of hiking. In the 16th and 17th centuries a part of the monastery architecture was restored, in which many distinguished artists took part. [5], Pope Gregory I's biography of Benedict claims that Satan opposed the monks repurposing the site. It is worth adding that a visit to the museum is paid – 5 euros. You must try this restaurant –make reservations! So before the war reached Monte Cassino German leadership decided to move these priceless treasures to a safer place. Matthew Parker, Monte Cassino. The service, food and overall experience was as always OUTSTANDING!!! The community of monks resided first at Teano and then from 914 at Capua before the monastery was rebuilt in 949. City Tours, Historical & Heritage Tours. The second oratory, on the mountain-top, where the pagan altar had stood in the open air, was of the same width but somewhat longer (15.25 meters)."[8]. In 883 the monastery was sacked by Saracens and abandoned again. Above the hill a large cross was marked, in the middle of which a bas-relief of the Polish emblem was placed. Just like everywhere in places of worship, you must have your knees and shoulders covered. It’s a good idea to take a day to visit the monastery while taking a tour of other places in Italy. Benedictine monks took care of the sick and wounded there according to Benedict's Rule. Another attempt to rebuild the monastery at Monte Cassino took place in 949. In his earlier setting Benedict "had twice shown complete mastery over his aggressiveness, Benedict is now allowed to use it without restraint in the service of God. Today, high on its hill in the beautiful surroundings of the Latin Valley, it is easy to forget that, just seventy-five years ago, the great abbey of Monte Cassino was a hulking ruin. In the monastery itself, you can simply walk around the courtyards, cloisters and viewing terraces. During the Second World War, despite assurances from the Germans that they did not take over the abbey buildings for military operations, the Allies planned their bombing. Short pants and skirts, short sleeves and shoulder blouses are excluded. And he summoned the people of the district to the faith by his unceasing preaching. "[9] In 581, during the abbacy of Bonitus, the Lombards sacked the abbey, and the surviving monks fled to Rome, where they remained for more than a century. 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